A Simplified Guide to Performing Qurbani

Qurbani (or Udhiyya as the Shariah refers to it) has become synonymous with Eid-ul-Adha, the festival of sacrifice.  It is a time when all Muslims all over the world commemorate the ultimate sacrifice of Nabi Ebrahim (AS) and Nabi Ismail (AS).  However it is disheartening to learn that Muslims fail to respect the basic rights of animals and are ignorant of Islamic injunctions pertaining to sacrifice.  Many a times Muslims through their actions unconsciously transgress the Shari’ah.   This guide hopes to be a reminder to Muslims of these basic rules and the responsibilities of those performing Qurbani. Almighty Allah says in the Holy Quran (Chapter 22 Verse37): ‘It is nor their flesh, nor their blood that reaches Allah, but to Him is acceptable observance (piety) of duty on your part.’

Hadith on Sacrifice

The wisdom of the Islamic rules of slaughtering is to take the animal’s life in the quickest and the least painful way; the requirements of using a sharp knife and of cutting the throat relate to this end.  The main intent is to be kind to the animal and spare it unnecessary suffering insofar as this is possible.The Prophet (S. A. W.)saw a man who was sharpening his knife after laying down a sheep to be slaughtered, the Prophet (S. A. W.) rebuked him saying: ‘Do you intend to make it die two deaths? Why did you not sharpen your knife before laying it down?

When and Who should make Qurbani

Qurbani can be made from the 10th of Zil Haj after the Eid Khutba till sunset on the 12th of Zil Haj (3 days).  It is preferable to perform Qurbani on the 10th day of Zil Haj.  Animals bought with the intention of Qurbani but were not slaughtered by the 12th of Zil Haj should be donated to charity while alive.  Qurbani is Waajib on every Muslim, male or female that has reached puberty, is sound of mind and has more than the NISAAB (+/- R3000,00) at that time.  Qurbani is a Waajib obligation every year on the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha and not a once in a lifetime duty.  Qurbani can be undertaken on behalf of another person provided that prior consent is received from the person.  It is permissible to make Qurbani in the name of Rasoolallah  (S. A. W.) or any other deceased Muslim as naffil Qurbani on condition that the person making the Qurbani has discharged  his own (Waajib) Qurbani. 

Description of Animal

  1. The animal should be chosen from healthy stock without any visible defect.
  2. Sheep and goats must be at least one year old and count as one share.
  3. Cattle must be at least two years old and count as 7 shares per animal.
  4. Camels must be at least five years old and count as 7 shares per animal.
  5. Animals should not be blinded, emaciated (sick), toothless or with broken limbs, preferably the ears and tail should be whole, but not a necessity.

Pre-slaughter Requirements

  1. Sharpen your knife prior to putting the animal down for slaughter.
  2. Ensure that the correct size knife is used to slaughter the animal swiftly.
  3. Feed the animal, give the animal water and sooth the animal, show kindness and mercy to the animal.
  4. Ensure the area of slaughter is clean and clear of live animals.
  5. Make provision for Blood drainage, fly control and general cleanliness.
  6. Lead the animal to its slaughter humanely.  Once Umar (RA)saw a man dragging a sheep by its leg to be slaughtered, he said: ‘Woe to you! Lead it to its death in a decent manner.’  Do not abuse or torture the animals.
  7. Do not perform the slaughter process in front of other live animals.
  8. Maintain strict hygiene standards.

Method of slaughtering

According to the Shari’ah, the legal purification of the flesh of animals requires that the following conditions be met:

  1. Make your intention.
  2. It is preferable to make the throat of the animal face the Qibla; (Mustahab)
  3. Using a sharp knife swiftly cut the windpipe, the gullet and the two jugular veins, do not sever the entire head.
  4. Recite the name of Allah (S. W. T.) Tasmiyah, while slaughtering the animal (Preferably aloud).
  5. It is preferable for one to perform the Qurbani if it belongs to him provided he/she is able to slaughter properly otherwise he/she should entrust it to someone to slaughter on his behalf.  (Women are also permitted to perform the slaughter).
  6. Skinning of the animal should only commence once the animal stops kicking.
  7. Keep meat and offal separate, clean and refrigerate as soon as possible.

Distribution of Qurbani animal

  1. It is preferred that the meat be divided into three parts. One part for own use, one part for relatives and one part for the poor and needy (preferably Muslims).
  2. The meat and skin cannot be given as payment for services rendered BUT may be given as a gift.
  3. The skin may be kept for personal use, or given to someone else or donated to an organisation.
  4. Give such meat as you would yourself like to receive and eat.
  5. Ensure that meat is given to reputable organisations for distribution to the needy.
  6. Do not waste.



WHERE – CLAUDIUS                                                                                 

PHYSICAL ADDRESS: 49 MULTAN STREET, CLAUDIUS                                                    

PRICES FROM: R800 – R1300                                                                                    


Tel: 012 374 1721


WHERE – SAABERIE CHISTY                                                                                                  

PHYSICAL ADDRESS: MASJID CNR OF GUM & OAK CRESCENT, EXT 6 LENASIA                                                                                         

PRICES FROM: R750.00 – R1500.00                                                                                  


Tel:011 854 7886


WHERE – Darul Uloom Ashrafiyah                                                                                            

PHYSICAL ADDRESS:   70 Road 749, Unit 7, Chatsworth                                                                                     

PRICES FROM: R1200.00 – R1400.00   

CONTACT PERSON: Moulana Farhaad

Tel: 083 297 8692 / 031 404 5594 / 087 805 8576

NIHT on Twitter

You can now follow the NIHT on Twitter for announcements and updates. Follow: @HalaalGuide_SA


Please be advised that the KFC Store at OR Tambo International Airport, International Departures, is Muslim-Owned and has been certified Halaal by the NIHT.